Iranian deal slows down nuclear program
By Ravana maharaj, senior writer
President Obama signed the Iran Nuclear Deal on Sunday October 18th 2015, which officially put the international agreement into full effect. The immediate goal of the Iran Nuclear Deal was said to verifiably prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon and ensure that Iran’s nuclear program will peacefully move forward.
The P5+1 is a group of world powers that were joined together in 2006, in diplomatic efforts with Iran regarding its Nuclear Program. The P5+1 consists of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. On November 24th 2013, P5+1 and Iran reached a deal about that requires Iran and the P5+1 countries to go through a series of specific steps over a 6-month time frame while negotiators worked on a deal.
The Nuclear Deal achieved more than just the prevention of Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. Other major highlights include:
Minister of Israel , Binyamin Netanyahu has described the deal in what seemed to be apocalyptic terms. According to “The Economist” blog, they speak of the deal being opposed by hardliners in Tehran while they hope to still win over their supreme leader, Ali Khamenei, to see their point of view.
The reason behind their opposition is that “under the Deal, International
Sanctions on Iran will be lifted in return for restriction on its nuclear program
aimed at preventing it from being able to develop an atomic bomb. According to
CNN News, the IRG otherwise known as the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, wished to see the sanctions remain in place for they have provided money-making
opportunities for many of their leaders.
Iran would need two key elements in order to construct an uranium bomb. These
include tens of thousands of centrifuges and enough highly enriched uranium to
produce enough material in order to construct the bomb. There are currently two
Uranium Enrichment facilities in Iran, which are “The Natanz Facility” and “The
Proceeding to look further into Iran’s current stockpile of Uranium, they came to see that the uranium stockpile was able to provide enough to create 8-10 nuclear
bombs. Thanks to the Nuclear Deal, Iran is to reduce its stockpile of Uranium by
98% which keeps the level of enrichment at 3.67%. With such numbers, it is
significantly below the enrichment level that is required to create a bomb.
This appealed to the several world leaders that have haled the Iran Nuclear Deal
with the United States. President Barack Obama has envisioned this to be a “new
direction” as quoted by CNN news. Russian President Vladimir Putin had voiced his
opinion as well for the passing of this deal to be a “huge sigh of relief”.
According to CNN News, Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, swore that though this agreement may be historical, he refuses to let it change his
Government’s stance towards the United States due to decades of hostility as well as
distrust. The Nuclear Deal was seen to be a fair negotiation between the countries
however it seems to result in an “indication of ongoing tensions” between the two
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