obesity in america
By puneet singh, '18
America is one of the most obese countries in the world. America is in the midst of a health crisis when it comes to both obesity and heart disease that are two serious conditions which often go hand in hand.
Despite a countless number of efforts to combat poor eating habits and unhealthy lifestyle choices, obesity in America today is more widespread than it was in 2000. According to Centres for Diseases Control and Prevention, 35% of Americans are now considered obese. The issue is even more concerning with children, where the number of overweight kids checks in at 38%. People should be more careful on what they choose to eat and also try to maintain a healthy and balanced diet. It is proven that childhood obesity could reduce life expectancy by five or more years.
As of today, according to Unitypoint.org heart disease is one of the major causes of death in America which is approximately 25% of deaths each year. On average, about 735,000 Americans have heart attacks each year. In 2010, United States had the most overweight children ranking in at 40%. According to cdc.gov which is centres of disease control, More than 1.4 billion adults were overweight in 2008, and more than half a billion obese. At least 2.8 million people each year die as a result of being obese. Only 2% of children in the United States eat a healthy diet and 70% of obese children already have at least one risk factor for heart disease. The health care costs $14 billion related to childhood obesity.
Once associated with high-income countries, obesity is now also prevalent in low- and middle-income countries. Obesity is the fifth leading risk for global deaths. 65% of the world's population live in a country where obesity kills more people than starvation. Globally, 44% of diabetes, 23% of ischaemic heart disease and 7–41% of certain cancers are attractable to those who are obese.
Many children might have health problems in the near future since almost half of the United States children are obese. According to kidshealth.org, the percentage of obese children in the United States is growing at an alarming rate, with 1 out of 3 kids now considered obese. This is about nearly half the population of kids in United States. People who have heart problems might pass it down to their descendants. For example, pregnant women who are obese and have heart disease or diabetes, their children can also develop the same diseases from the mother before even coming out.
One way that obesity can be obtained is by snacking. Snacking leads to 200 calories per day alone. Obesity has prevailed and nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. Snacking may be an important source of nutrients, but snacks become a source of excess calories, they contribute to obesity. One big mistake that a lot of people make is snacking too much between meals. According to nutritionists, five or six “mini meals” can help you to lose weight, however, too many people add two or three smaller meals to their regular-sized meals and end up consuming many more calories than necessary. So it’s extremely important to be smart when you feel a crave for something.
There are many solutions to prevent obesity. Some of the common ones are doing regular physical activity which helps maintain a healthy body. People should engage in adequate levels of physical activity throughout their lives. At least 30 minutes of regular, moderate-intensity physical activity on most days reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, colon cancer and breast cancer. Muscle strengthening and balance training can reduce falls and improve mobility among older adults. More activity may be required for weight control. Eating a healthy diet can help prevent obesity. People can maintain a healthy weight by limiting total fat intake and shift fat consumption away from saturated fats to unsaturated fats, increase consumption of fruit, vegetables, pulses, whole grains and nuts and limit the intake of sugar and salt.
To add on, people should limit the use of TVs, computers, DVDs, and videogames because they get too busy and limits the time for physical activity. Health experts also recommend 2 hours or less a day of screen time that's not work- or homework-related.
People should keep track of their weight, body mass index, and waist circumference and also parents should keep track of their child’s diet.